Plans and How to Choose Them
This 10-page PDF by Patti Stouter describes how help with rebuilding should allow Haitians to recreate the local texture and style of their towns and cities in earthquake and hurricane resistant buildings. One example illustrates the use of a simple earth material for transitional housing in a traditional Haitian house form.
This 29 page PDF by Patti Stouter covers how to arrange buildings for community involvement, how to replicate familiar architectural features, and discusses some of the history of Haitian styles.
A discussion of how houses are oriented on the land, with a particular look at Haitian customs.
Temporary Shelter Plans
Basic Emergency Shelter The building concept outlined in this 8-page PDF document consists of sandbag (earthbag) walls filled with sand or soil from the site, and tarps for roofing. These emergency shelters would only be slightly more expensive than tarps by themselves, but provide superior protection against wind, rain, heat, cold, snow, bullets, fire, flooding, hurricanes and noise.
Raised Tent Floor with Seat It's standard building practice to raise shelter floors about 6" above existing grade, or even higher in flood-prone areas, to prevent water from entering the structure. Earthbags make this simpler and also can keep wind-driven rain out of shelters, brace walls against storm winds, and provide raised seating or beds that will stay dry.
Round Emergency shelter Plan This design incorporates a round, earthbag structure partially inset into the ground. Rice bags or sandbags are filled with local soil and tamped in place to create the walls. The roof is built with poles salvaged from destroyed buildings, covered with straw, grass, leaves or whatever is available, covered with plastic sheeting or tarps, and bermed with earth to hold in place. The size can vary according to local needs, and therefore dimensions are not shown.
The First Aid Earthquake House is made out of very simple materials: sand bags, rope lines, tape and available insulation materials. The construction process begins with filling the sand bags with fine and heavy materials, where this is possible. The house is designed in such a way that people can construct this facility themselves. Hence, we offer a materials kit and clear instructions of how to build this shelter.
Emergency Earthbag Shelter Proposal, by Dr. Owen Geiger and Patti Stouter, ASLA. The building concept outlined here consists of sandbag (earthbag) walls filled with sand or soil from the site, and tarps for roofing. These emergency shelters would only be slightly more expensive than tarps by themselves, but provide superior protection against wind, rain, heat, cold, snow, bullets, fire, flooding, hurricanes and noise.
Transitional & Permanent House Plans
Choosing House Plans This 35-page PDF guide explains how to choose simple plans using locally available materials that can fit the culture and still resist hazards well.
L-Kay Transitonal Plan This is a transitional design that allows people to start off with a small, easy to build shelter and then add more rooms later.
How to build a small earthbag dome made by Kelly and Rosana Hart is described in text and pictures. This three part series of pages gives enough information to actually try building something similar yourself. The dome is 14 feet in diameter at the base inside and has a small loft. All materials, including bags, door, windows, loft, stove pipe, etc. cost about $1,000 US. Completed in 1998.
Small Double Classroom Module This PDF file describes a simple, expandable classroom that features a unique reinforced buttress arrangement.
Customize Your Small Earthbag Classroom Building explains how to take the above design and modify it for your locale or situation.